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Showing posts from May, 2020

Forest Types in Northeast India | Classification | UPSC, APSC

Northeast India is rich in various types of natural vegetation. Climate, physiography, and soils of the region have provided favorable conditions for the growth of natural vegetation. The northeast region of India supports almost all types of vegetation from cultivated plains to grasslands, meadows, marshes, swamps, scrub-forests, tropical forests, temperate forests and alpine vegetation. The region has one of the heaviest rainfalls in the world. Although the average annual rainfall of the region is about 250 cm, it varies from place to place. The altitude variations from 200-5000 m and the presence of deep valleys, hills provide a range of ecological variations thereby producing different types of climatic conditions from warm subtropical in the foothills, moderate in the middle and cool temperate in high hills, which determine the vegetation pattern of this region Forest of Northeast India may be broadly classified into 1. Tropical forest, 2. Subtropical forest, 3. Temperat

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Arunachal Pradesh with Details | North East India Info

Arunachal Pradesh, a veritable treasure house of nature, tucked away in the northeastern tip of India, invites you to relax in its picturesque hills and vales encircled on three sides by Bhutan, China and Myanmar. Situated on the north-eastern tip of the country, the state of Arunachal Pradesh is a part of Eastern Himalayan Ranges. Arunachal Pradesh occupies the largest area (83.743 Sq. Km) in the north-eastern region of India and consists of mountainous ranges sloping to the plains of Assam.

Biosphere Reserves in Northeast India States | North East India Info

Biosphere Reserves are natural and cultural landscapes extending over large areas of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems or a combination thereof and are special environments for both people and nature. They are living examples of how human beings and nature can co-exist while respecting each other’s needs.

Hills and Mountains of Northeast India | UPSC | North East India Info

Hills and Mountain Ranges of Northeast India have two different geological and physiographical units. In the north-eastern part of the region hills and ranges are part of the Himalaya Mountain. On the other hand, the south-western part of the region's hills and ranges is the production of Peninsular Plateau.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam with Details | North East India Info

Assam has a total of 20 wildlife sanctuaries due to its  richness in biodiversity. Assam falls under one of the 17 hotspots of the world. Assam is the meeting place of at least three main streams of flora and fauna, namely the Indian mainland stream from the west, the China-Japanese stream from north and northeast, and the Malaya stream from south and southeast.

Meghalaya Plateau | Geography, Physiography, Biodiversity | NE India Info

Meghalaya plateau is a part of the Deccan plateau of the southern peninsular plateau region. Situated in Northeast India covering the whole Indian state of Meghalaya and Karbianglong district of Assam.

Barail Range of Assam | UPSC | North East India Info

The Barail Range is a group of mountains or high ridges and watersheds between the Brahmaputra and Barak rivers. The terrain ranges from flat and undulating in the river valleys, to mountainous with steep slopes. Located in Dima Hasao district of Assam a state of India (Latitude: 25° 16' 27" N - Longitude: 93° 20' 51" E)

People of Northeast India | Race, Ethnicity & Diversity | North East India Info

People of Northeast India process of 11th major stream and wave of immigration which has built up the present population of Northeast India. It is believed that first-ever group of people to settle in the region in the pre-historic past is the Mon Khmer speaking Austro- Asiatic, whose descendants are today identified as the Khasis and Jaintias.

Biodiversity of Northeast India | States | Flora, Fauna & Hotspot

Northeast India is very rich in biodiversity and it is recognized as one of the 17 hotspots of the world.   The region is the meeting place of at least three main streams of flora and fauna, namely the Indian mainland stream from the west, the China-Japanese stream from north and northeast, and the Malaya stream from south and southeast. The species have induced naturally hybridization effecting the production of high species variability .